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Saturday, July 15, 2017

BEST SOLUTION: INVESTMENT IN SKILL ACQUISITION VOCATIONAL STUDIES


Theme: Alleviating Poverty & Unemployment in the Nigeria Economy.

Tag line: "Making Life Better For All Nigerians"


Category: Entrepreneurship Development & Skill Acquisition
TopicInvestment in Skill Acquisition and Vocational Studies is the best Solution for the Unemployment and the rate of poverty in Nigeria.
Focus Area/Coverage: Nigeria As a Nation

By: 

Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon .O.



About Me:


   As a computer network engineer/tutor with a professional certificate (CCNA) having spent my whole academic life to study how to make my country (Nigeria) a better one through networking but the opportunity provided for me through the Nicareer Initiative I believe I am getting my Country from underdeveloped to a developed one. I am taking up this task in other to recommend that my skill acquired and that of others life should not be wasted or under estimated. I have served the Chinese of CCECC Nigeria in Abuja as a computer network engineer/scale manager where they extorted my knowledge with meagre pay to better their company, enrich their pocket and their country due to the fact that my country does not appreciate the skills of young graduates. Give the average Nigerian the right environment, they will not only survive, they will strive above most Nationalities.

Introduction:


     Nigeria is bedeviled with a myriad of problems, which despite her oil wealth, inhibits her development. Unemployment is one of the developmental problems that face every developing economy in this twenty-first century, and Nigeria is not exempted. According
to the National Bureau of Statistics (2009, 2011), the national unemployment rates for Nigeria between 2000 and 2011 showed that the number of unemployed persons constituted 31.1% in 2000; 13.6% in 2001; 12.6% in 2002; 14.8% in 2003; 13.4% in 2004; 11.9% in 2005; 13.7% in 2006; 14.6% in 2007; 14.9% in 2008; 19.7% in 2009; 21.1% in 2010 and 23.9% in 2011. In 2012, unemployment rate in Nigeria increased to 24%. Such wide rate of unemployment was transmitted through the various states’ unemployment rates. For instance, within the period under review (2000-2011), unemployment rate in Ogun State fall from 17.5% in 2000 to 13.3% in 2002. However, from then onward, it maintained a steady increase from 15.4% in 2003 to 16.3% in 2006, falling slightly to 14.5% in 2007 and then moving onward to 35.1% in 2008 and falling slightly to 26.3% in 2010.     

Statement of the Challenges:


     The Nigeria Economic Report released by the World Bank in 2011 stated that unemployment rate worsened from “12% of the working population in 2006 to 24% in 2011”. Being among the top richest state in terms of crude oil production and federal allocation in the south west region of Nigeria, unemployment rate in Ogun State is also increasing at an alarming rate. According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) as at 2010, the unemployment rate of Ogun State was the second highest in the south-west zone with 36.1%. The situation has been on the increase and this has resulted in increase in social vices in the country. Available records clearly show that in the last two decades of the independence of Nigeria as a sovereign nation (1960s and 1970s), unemployment and its attendant consequence: poverty, were not of national concern as they are today.
     The origin of unemployment in Nigeria can be traced back to the oil boom era of 1970s. During this period, Nigerian government and individuals abandoned skills acquisition and utilization through diversified entrepreneurship practices that have the capability to boost both individual and the country’s economic ego. Emphasis shifted from entrepreneurial practices to paper qualification which has resulted in increased unemployment in the country. 
     The nation’s agricultural, industrial and the then bubbling public service sectors were able to effectively absorb most of the labour force. Nigerian citizens before the oil boom believed in what one can do in order to ensure self-sustenance. For instance, an increase in the economic status of the country was as a result of diversified activities bordering on agricultural products such as cocoa, groundnut, palm kernel, palm oil, cassava, in addition to other craft practices. The educational system in Nigeria then encouraged craft practices even at the primary school level. During the period, Nigeria had so many skilled technicians such as carpenters, painters, auto-mechanics, fashion designers, hair dressers, among others. 
     Faced with the foregoing, Nigeria established the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) in March 1986 with its programmes formally launched in January 1987. The main objective of the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) was the responsibility of Job Creation to the teeming army of the unemployed in Nigeria. The programme was aimed at designing and articulating policies to tackle general unemployment problem in the economy. This includes obtaining and maintaining a data bank on declared vacancies and employment in the economy with a view to reduce job search cost. The activities of NDE
cover all sectors of the economy. 
     Since its establishment, NDE has been grappling with the nagging issue of employment creation through its various programmes such as employment counseling services and job linkages, vocational skills acquisition training, entrepreneurial training and enterprise creation, training for rural employment promotion, training for labour-based transient works, collaboration with other relevant agencies and organization, among others.
     In other to achieve its mandate, NDE immediately spread its tentacle to all the 36 states of the federation and the federal capital territory, Abuja. In Ogun State, NDE has its state head office in federal secretariat, oke-mosan, Abeokuta the state capital, and four training centers spread across the three senatorial district of the state. 
Four areas of employment intervention programmes being articulated by NDE in Ogun State, include;

     a.   Vocational Skill Acquisition (VSD),
     b.   Small Scale Enterprises (SSE),
     c.   Rural Employment Promotion (REP), and
     d.   Special Public Works (SPW).

     The evidences in the country states’ unemployment position and most recently, the complementing evidence, currently about 1.5million graduates have applied for the federal government N-power programme of 2017 recruitment and this happens within three weeks of opening the recruitment portal. Also, the evidence of employment test for recruitment into the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS) conducted across the country on Saturday, March 15, 2014, which consisted of over 56, 000 applicants’, shows that a reappraisal of the country’s agencies on employment creation is important. Report shows that the exercise claimed the lives of about 16 applicants due to the stampede ensuing at the different test centers while many were left injured. This poses a source of worry to the researchers and results in the consideration of the study by the researchers.
     The Nigerian economy since the attainment of political independence in 1960 has undergone fundamental changes. As a nation, Nigeria has been working tirelessly since the collapse of oil boom to achieve youth independence and improved economic status through several reforms and programme initiatives such as:

     1. The Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP)
     2. The National Directorate of Employment (NDE)
     3. Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agencies (SMEDAN)
     4. National Agency for Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP)
     5. Better Life Programme
     6. National Open Apprenticeship Scheme
     7. The graduate job creation loan Guarantee scheme
     8. Agricultural Sector Employment Programme
     9. Subsidy Reinvestment and Empowerment Programme (SURE-P)
     10. Youth Enterprise With Innovation in Nigeria (YOUWIN)
     11. N-Power
     12. Youthignite Forum (BOI)

     Despite these policies and programmes, youth unemployment remains a major challenge to the developmental process of the Nigerian economy. Youth unemployment appears to be shooting up the sky as many Nigerian youths lack appropriate skills that
will empower them after graduation from school. The “Nigerian unemployment report 2011” prepared by the National Bureau of Statistics show that the rate of unemployment is higher in the rural areas with 25.6% than in the urban areas with 17.1%. The result of
the survey by the National Bureau of Statistics show that persons aged 0-14 years constituted 39.6%, those aged between 15-64% (the economically active population), constituted 56.3%, which those aged 65 years and above constituted 4.2%. The problem of unemployment has posed a great challenge to many countries, both developed and developing and regions/provinces of the world in which Ogun State is not an exception. For instance, within the period (2000-2011), unemployment rate in Ogun State rises from 19.5% in 2000 to 15.4% in 2003, 16.3% in 2006, falling slightly
to 14.5% in 2007 and then moving steadily upward to 35.1% in 2008 and an all-time peak of 37.1% in 2010.

Definition of Term


     i. Skills

     According to Speelman, a skill is seen as ability to do something well, usually gained through training or experience. Skills are often acquired after a training session or after a practical.

     ii. Skills acquisition

     Skills acquisition is the ability to learn or acquire skills. It involves the development of a new skill, practice of a way of doing things usually gained through training or experience.

     iii. Unemployment

     Unemployment or joblessness, as defined by the International Labour Organization (1982) occurs when people are without jobs and they have actively sought work within the past five weeks. The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a%age by dividing the number of unemployed
individuals by all individuals currently in the labour force. According to the National Bureau of Statistics (2011), unemployment rate is the proportion of those who are looking for work but could not find work for at least 40 hours during the reference period to the total currently active (labour force) population.
     Unemployment is a situation where the active population of a country willing to work could not lay hold on any satisfied job which often leads to underemployment which is a situation where an individual engages in activities far below his productive capacity.

Some causes of unemployment in Nigeria are;


     Poor education system leading to poor knowledge of the course of study, poor or no skills for available jobs and probably poor creative and analytical skills to create jobs on their own.
     Another cause of unemployment is corruption which leads to diversion of public funds meant for education into personal use, diverting over 50 jobs position meant for the masses into one individual account without doing the job (ghost workers), infrastructural decay which hinders economic activities due to diversion of public funds, insincerity in the implementation employment programmes.
     Also, neglecting the agricultural sector which leads to no or high cost of agricultural input for the manufacturing sector, low input-output demand between the leading sectors, youths also lack interest in the agricultural sector because the sector is not modernized.
     Above all, poor power supply in the country which leads to high operating cost of business in Nigeria and it further hinders job offers to curtail expenses, closure of many small and medium businesses leading to mass unemployment, reduction in foreign direct investment in the country which ought to increase employment.
     To mention but a few, I believe the best solution to curb unemployment in the country and our society which is also best in reducing the high rate of poverty is the reformation of educational system which tends to increase graduate skills and makes them more a problem solver, creators, entrepreneur and innovators.
     Also students learning more of practical real life issues and problems than mere theories that are neither applicable nor relevant.
     Moreover, according to African Manager Initiatives, formal education contributes only 10% of the skill we need to live our dreams while 70% and 20% comes from practical on job learning and feedback from peers.
     Universities should not encourage job search over creativity, students should be given opportunities to go into business while still in school (Vocational Training). Everybody must not go to the university or college, people should be encouraged to pursue their passion. Vocational training should be encouraged.
     The business study students must show evidence of a working business they manage as criteria to graduate which should also be applied to agricultural students.

Recommended Solution:


     I think investment in skills is the solution to unemployment in Nigeria. Look at the recent statistics, Nigeria unemployment grew from 24.2% in January 2015 to 33.3% in July 2016. The youth unemployment is currently at 58% which is on a high side.
     Most youths graduate from school without the needed skills or competencies that would enable them function in today’s emerging society. Going by these data, it is apparent that the role of skills acquisition in the creation of employment among the youths may not be overemphasized. The study, therefore, seeks to investigate the
extent to which skills acquisition programme has helped in reducing unemployment in Ogun State in particular and Nigeria at large, taking the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) as a study programme.
     Thus, we examine the efficiency/efficacy of skills acquisition programme in reducing unemployment in Ogun State with special emphasis on skills acquisition through the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) using the following questions:
  • How does skills acquisition by NDE affect Unemployment in Ogun State?
  • What Challenges if any, may hinder effective contributions of NDE in Ogun State?
  • Does Skills Acquisition by NDE improve the income of the citizens of Ogun State in the period under review?

Conclusion:


     I believe that if the government take appropriate steps in implementing these policies, Nigeria will not only solve the problem of mass unemployment and poverty but soon the country (Nigeria) will become among the fastest growing economy in Africa.

Thanks
Written By : Alawiye Sulaimon .O.


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42 comments:

  1. Whao!!this is really making a whole lot of sense,truly this country needs to look outside people's credentials and invest on what they can do to improve their livelihood.this is worth it.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Good work, this is a good presentation.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Really helpful and inspiring. Nice one bro

    ReplyDelete
  4. Now there is hope for the future, i must say

    ReplyDelete
  5. Yes,poverty can be eliminated using the aforementioned solutions. Am glad we still have people that are ready to alleviate poverty in Nigeria.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Wow, one of the best write up have read on the solution to unemployment and poverty in Nigeria. May almighty continue to enrich your knowledge, thanks so much for this, it worth reading.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Learned alot from these. Keep it up man

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thank you all for the votes and comments, I really appreciate. I am still looking forward to seeing more...

    ReplyDelete
  9. Trully enpowerment of skills is the way.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Onaduja Adekonojo DigbaJuly 19, 2017 at 2:13 AM

    This write-up is highly impressive... Keep it up

    ReplyDelete
  11. Victor Femi OluwatosinJuly 19, 2017 at 2:41 AM

    A very good write-up. I urge the Government to please focus and work on the aspect of Vocational Training/Studies in higher institutions. This write-up is highly motivated.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Kazeem OluwaseunJuly 19, 2017 at 3:08 AM

    Here's a very good write-ups. More grace,kudos...

    ReplyDelete
  13. Adedini Abiola MJuly 19, 2017 at 3:18 AM

    Really inspiring and educating

    Keep the flag flying!

    ReplyDelete
  14. Ogunlana OluwatoyinJuly 19, 2017 at 10:47 AM

    I beleive that acquisition of vocational skills will lead to a significant reduction ofpoverty among young adults. Entrepreneurial studies are inter-disciplinary training that focuses on the tools needed to start a new business or vocation. Because Nigeria is fast becoming a predominantly youthful society with high rate of unemployment, itrequires training the youth in entrepreneurship skills in technical vocational education and training to tackle unemployment whichhas reached alarming proportions. Well job done.

    ReplyDelete
  15. Sherif AbdulrahmanJuly 19, 2017 at 11:17 AM

    Nice write-up.I hope this works out well since the rate of unemployment is something to worry about

    ReplyDelete
  16. Dania mosunmola DamilolaJuly 20, 2017 at 7:05 AM

    Keep up the good work,we are proud of you

    ReplyDelete
  17. Thanks, I truly appreciate your comments...

    ReplyDelete
  18. Some of the recommendations made in the write-up deserve implementation by both the Federal and State Governments. Productive jobs creation should be a priority of the authorities in conjunction with the private sector of the economy.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Ogunbowale titilopeJuly 24, 2017 at 10:23 AM

    Very nice and reasonable write up.I believe with this our government will be able to address the problems of our great country Nigeria.

    ReplyDelete
  20. Uhn uhn. Nice one I love this write up..... My boss this is great

    ReplyDelete
  21. YOU ARE A THIEF AND CHEAT @OLAWIYE SULEIMAN... YOU ARE CHEATING THE SYSTEM...YOUR VOTES ARE FAKE...IT SI VERY OBVIOUS AND CLEAR THAT YOU AND YOUR COLLEGUE HAVING OVER 9000 VOTES COMPETING FOR 1ST AND SECOND POSITION ARE DOING MULTIPLE VOTES...I EXPECT NICAREER INITIATIVE TEAM TO DISQUALIFY BOTH OF YOU ELSE THEY ARE UNFAIR AND BIASED.

    HOW CAN YOU GUYS EARN OVER 2000 VOTES JUST A DAY WHEN YOU ARE NOT A CELEBRITY AND YOU ONLY HAVE JUST 24 COMMENT...STOP CHEATING!!!!!!!!
    FAKE VOTE AND FAKE NICAREER INITIATIVE IF THEY ACCEPT YOUR VOTE.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This is an amazing write up, I must commend the writer for putting this broad analysis up. I do hope our policy makers will get to read this and take the positives out of this empirical analysis...Thank you

      Delete
  22. YES...FAKE..PLEASE YOU GUYS SHOULD BE REAL...I SUPPORT WHAT THE GUY SAID...IS TRUE THERE IS ABNORMALITIES AND INSINCERITY IN YOUR VOTES...I HOPE THE ADMIN WILL EXPOSED AND DISQUALIFY YOU.

    ReplyDelete
  23. i noticed the 2 guys in first and second position is cheating the voting system..is just unfair to other contestant...hoped the NICAREER INITIATIVE TEAM..will disqualifed and expelled them.

    stop cheating suleimam and popoola.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Why dont you Phillip mind your words and display some common sense. You dont just accuse people you must back it up with facts. The organizers from what I noticed wont allow a voter to vote twice so whats your problem?

      Delete
  24. @Prince Rasak thanks and @Philip and Swanta, its possible you say such because you don't know how far I've gone concerning this voting process. Well, I have evidence to back my votes up, OK. Thanks.
    Thanks everyone for your comments, I really appreciate

    ReplyDelete
  25. Very inspiring and highly recommended for most economic challenges in our dear mother land.

    ReplyDelete
  26. @Alawiye Fatimat, this is highly inspiring and it opens my eyes to many areas which I never knew can create wealth for us in this country. This is good

    ReplyDelete
  27. Wow.This is a job welldone,i hope d government will make positive change with this.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Really insightful... Quite believable.
    I believe there are facts to affirm the selected points being discussed.

    ReplyDelete
  29. Great piece and very informative. It would be lovely if the recommended solutions are carefully considered and implemented.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Rubbish...fake votes and fake supporters..ONLY FOOLS like you GUYS can believed you earn that over 12000 votes...CHEATERS GROUP!

    ReplyDelete
  31. #NICAREER Initiatives
    The G-14 Alleviators Challenge for a better Nigeria.

    I stand with Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O-Best Solution- Investment In Skills Acquisition And Vocational Studies.

    ReplyDelete
  32. #Nicareer_Initiatives

    The G-14 Alleviators Challenge For A Better Nigeria

    I Stand With Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O. - Best solution : Investment in skill acquisition and vocational studies

    ReplyDelete
  33. #Nicareer_Initiatives

    The G-14 Alleviators Challenge For A Better Nigeria

    I Stand With Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O. - Best solution : Investment in skill acquisition and vocational studies

    ReplyDelete
  34. #Nicareer_initiatives

    The G-14 Alleviators Challenge For A Better Nigeria

    I stand with Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O. - Best solution: Investment in skill acquisition and vocational studies

    ReplyDelete
  35. Osunlaja AduragbemiAugust 29, 2017 at 10:31 AM

    #Nicareer_Initiatives

    The G-14 Alleviators Challenge For A Better Nigeria

    I Stand With Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O. - Best solution : Investment in skill acquisition and vocational studies

    ReplyDelete
  36. #Nicareer_Initiatives

    The G-14 Alleviators Challenge For A Better Nigeria

    I Stand With Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O. - Best solution : Investment in skill acquisition and vocational studies

    ReplyDelete
  37. #Nicareer_Initiatives*

    *The G-14 Alleviators Challenge For A Better Nigeria*

    *I Stand With Ambassador Alawiye Sulaimon O. - Best solution : Investment in skill acquisition and vocational studies*

    ReplyDelete

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